Magnesium Hydroxide liquid for odour control

Cassowary Coast Regional Council - QLD, Australia

Talk to us
Home \ What we have done \ Magnesium Hydroxide liquid for odour control, Cassowary Coast Regional Council
Replace lime and alum with Calix’s ACTI-Mag magnesium hydroxide liquid at Cassowary Coast Region, QLD, Australia.

Case Study Summary

Challenges
  • Excess odour in sewage network due to high H2S generation.
  • Heavy build up of FOGs in the network leading to restricted flow.
  • Frequent need for vacuum truck cleaning leading to an increase in maintenance costs.
  • High treatment cost due to excess use of chemical agents such as lime and alum.
Objective
  • Manage H2S odour levels.
  • Eliminate fat blockages.
  • Save on chemical and maintenance costs
Solution

Download Success story

PROTECTA-Mag extends lifespan and reduces cost of manhole maintenance at GOLD COAST CITY COUNCIL

Download PDF Now

Benefits of ACTI-Mag

Reduced H2S generation within the catchment.

Significant reduction of FOGs within the catchment.

Save on multiple chemical purchasing and asset maintenance costs.

Background

Mission Beach is a mixed residential and tourist area and is home to the iconic Cassowary. A sewerage scheme was commissioned by Cassowary Coast Regional Council in 2006 to collect the wastewater from three constituent communities and pumped by two major stations, at Wongaling and North Mission Beach, to the Main Transfer Pump Station (MTPS). The MTPS then pumps 23km to the Tully Sewerage Treatment Plant (STP).

This sewer main suffered significant corrosion due to “rotten egg gas” (H2S) release in the drained sections. The Tully plant is designed for phosphate removal with liquid alum dosing for phosphate trimming and powered lime dosing for alkalinity and pH correction.

A trial of Calix’s ACTI-Mag Magnesium Hydroxide Liquid (MHL) dosing commenced in December 2017 with the primary objective to control septicity, odour and corrosion issues. Calix proposed additional objectives, i.e. the control of Fat, Oil & Grease (FOG) build-up, elimination of lime dosing at the Tully plant, and partial elimination of alum dosing for phosphate removal.

The trial eliminated odours by maintaining pH between 8.2 and 8.5. Pump station cleaning has been substantially reduced due to decreased FOG accumulation. The lime dosing system was prone to blockage and breakdowns, however dosing of ACTI-Mag has allowed suspension of lime dosing. Also, the dose rate has been reduced by more than 75% whilst still meeting phosphate effluent discharge limits.

FATS, OILS and GREASES (FOCs) – A CHALLENGE ISSUE

Fats, oils and grease can build up and become what are called fatbergs.

Fatbergs are caused when oils and fats are tipped down the drain and congeal with other products, including so-called flushable wet wipes.

While each state has their own utility providers, there were at least 360 blockages caused by fatbergs in sewers serviced by QUU — which take in the Brisbane area and four other local councils.

That’s out of a total of 3,500 blockages in QUU sewer pipes that together cost $1.2 million to clear. Fatbergs also caused almost 250 sewage overflows.

But fats, oils and grease also play an important role in wastewater treatment plants, particularly those that capture biogas to generate electrical and thermal energy.

WHAT IS ACTI-MAG MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE SLURRY (MHL) ?

ACTI-Mag is a concentrated and stabilised suspension of magnesium hydroxide also known as milk of magnesia. An inorganic compound with the chemical formula Mg(OH)2.

Highly fluid, ACTI-Mag has proven to flow easily in most dosing systems. With a higher neutralising value per dry kilo when compared with caustic and lime and being significantly safer than other traditional alkalis, ACTI-Mag is a very cost competitive option for hydrogen sulphide gas (H2S) control in sewers and industrial waste treatment as well as for several other applications including phosphorus and nitrogen removal from wastewater.

Calix’s ACTI-Mag has several advantages over other generic MHLs.

  • Neutralises waste streams 30% faster than generic brands.
  • The pH peaks at 10.5 and buffers in the solution between 8.5 and 9.
  • The MHL dissolves slowly over time with particles remaining in suspension for as long as needed. (low “GI” alkali)

MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Calix’s high quality magnesite is mined and calcined in-house. Vertically integrated manufacturing means better service, reliability and performance. Calix is certified ISO 9001:2015 for process development, manufacture, delivery and application of mineral based products.

Calcination is an ancient process used to produce lime in a kiln. However, Calix’s unique, patented “Calix Flash Calcination” or “CFC” technology re-invents the kiln.

Our CFC process involves grinding magnesium carbonate to around one thousandth of a millimetre in size, and then “flash” heating the particles in a very short time at up to 800 C. As trapped gases in the mineral “bubble out” of the particles, we snap freeze the remaining magnesium oxide in a very high energy state, leaving a very porous, honey-comb-like structure.

ACTI-Mag is manufactured by hydrating Calix’s high surface area magnesium oxide. This means it has the high reactivity of nano-material, without the potential health and handling issues.

CALIX ACTI-Mag trial at Mission Beach (MB) sewerage scheme

  • 3 sub-catchments – North MB, Wongaling Beach, South MB
  • 18 pump stations
  • Pumped to Tully STP
  • Alum and Lime dosing – Alkalinity and Phosphorus removal
  • 2.5 – 3 day retention time in dry weather
  • MB ~ 40 – 45% of Tully STP flow (~800 kL/d ADWF)
  • Calix ACTI-MAG Trial Started on Dec 12th, 2017

Primary objectives and success criteria for the network

  • Controlling the odour within the catchment, H2S < 2 ppm.
  • Eliminating blockages and restricted flows by dissolving FOGs.

Secondary objectives and success criteria for the network and plant

  • Reduce corrosion within the network.
  • Demonstrating no detrimental impact on the STP.
  • Reducing or eliminating lime dosing at the STP.
  • Enhancing the removal of Phosphorus (P) and Nitrogen (N).
  • Consequently reducing Alum dose at the STP.

THE FIRST DEPLOYMENT OF CALIX “CHARLESTON – BLADDER IN A BOX” DOSING STATION

The Charleston Dosing Station has several benefits:

  • It is easily deployable and tamper proof.
  • It is SCADA compatible.
  • On-board load cells allow users to monitor ACTI-Mag stock levels.

The following metrics were monitored within the network:

  • pH logging
  • H2S (Odalog)
  • FOGs build-up and SPS cleaning requirements
  • The rate of corrosion (long-term assessment)

RESULTS OF PRIMARY OBJECTIVES

1. Reduce H2S and odours to negligible levels – Achieved

2. Eliminate blockages and restricted flows – Achieved

Observations show that ACTI-Mag;

  • Reduced H2S and odour to negligible levels within 3-4 days of dosing.
  • Eliminated FOGs within the network and allowed dirty rags to be captured by the STP.
  • Eliminated the use of costly vacuum trucks to clean out ‘fatbergs.’

RESULTS OF SECONDARY OBJECTIVES AND OTHER BENEFITS OF ACTI-Mag

  • The pH levels the STP were stable and no low pH events occurred.
  • Lime dosing was eliminated, leading to significant cost saving; the alkalinity in effluents and in the plant was stabilized.
  • Use of Alum dose was reduced by 60%, resulting in cost saving; consistent phosphorus mass content in the effluent was observed regardless of flow.

STRUVITE - A TREATABLE NUISANCE

Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate (MAP), commonly known as Struvite, is a crystalline precipitate of Magnesium, Ammonia, and Phosphate.

Mg²+ + NH4+ + PO4³- + H2O = Mg.NH4.PO4.6H2O (s)

Struvite forms in pipe bends due to pressure differential in the flow. This will lead to a solid precipitate creating blockages and restricting flow.

The advantage of dosing ACTI-Mag is that it precipitates ammonia and phosphate directly in the sludge and stops struvite forming on key infrastructure.

ACTI-Mag for Odour Control

ACTI-Mag has a higher neutralising value per kilo when compared with caustic while being significantly safer to handle than other traditional alkalis, making it a very safe
and cost competitive option for hydrogen sulphide gas (H2S) control in sewers.

Download the Solution Spec Sheet

Related stories

Improving the Sustainability of Water Treatment \
Chrome Precipitation at Casino, Casino Hide Tanners

ACTI-Mag is a highly reactive, concentrated and stabilised suspension of Magnesium Hydroxide manufactured by hydrating ultra high surface area Magnesium

Improving the Sustainability of Water Treatment \ Municipalities
Phosphorus removal in wastewater in Queensland, Queensland Urban Utilities

ACTI-Mag removes phosphate through struvite crystallization at Queensland Urban Utilities, Queensland, Australia.

Improving the Sustainability of Water Treatment \ Municipalities
Solving extreme H2S odor, El Centro

ACTI-Mag reduces the odor to manageable levels at El Centro, Southern California, United-States.

Latest News

December 03, 2019 \ Improving the Sustainability of Water Treatment
TasWater minimises odours with Calix’s ACTI-Mag and Netco Pumps

INTRODUCTION Formed through the merger of three Tasmanian water and sewage corporations, TasWater is Tasmania’s water and sewage utility. TasWater

December 02, 2019 \ Making Better Batteries
Calix has joined $150m Future Battery Industries Co-operative Research Centre

Calix is pleased to announce it has joined $150m Future Battery Industries Co-operative Research Centre Calix has been invited to

December 02, 2019 \ Calix Global Challenges
News Issue December 2019

Welcome to Issue Number 33 of the Calix Newsletter. “Since our last newsletter in August, Calix has achieved three significant

Contact Us

Calix is committed to providing a high level of customer service. Whether you are looking for information relating to our solutions, have a comment, are looking for a new career, or want information on our performance, use the form below to get started.

Follow us on:

Our partners

SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER